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Pug

Pug is a noble breed with a rich history, rooted in the deep past. There are versions that pugs and mastiffs had common ancestors. For centuries, the popularity of intelligent pugs did not fade. They were the favorites of queens and the most talented musicians and today still continue to acquire more and more new fans. These are the perfect lapdogs, loyal and faithful companions, who will go to the ends of the earth for their master.
Appearance
The pug is one of the most popular breeds of decorative dogs, as well as one of the most ancient. The height of the dogs at the withers is on average 30 cm, and the weight is 6-8 kg.
Pugs are small, but very strong and stocky dogs with well-developed muscles. The body of dogs is compact, square format, the back is straight, the chest is developed and wide, the limbs are strong, of medium length. The neck is strong and muscular, the head is voluminous, rounded, I have a sharp transition from the forehead to the face, the muzzle is short, not turned up, with pronounced folds and wrinkles. Jaws strong, small snack. The eyes are large, oval, dark and shiny, the look is expressive. The ears are small, thin, triangular, drooping, can close the auditory canal or tighten back, leaving the auditory canal open. The tail is set high, rolled into a ring and pressed against the croup.
The coat is short, smooth and shiny. The color can be apricot, silver, fawn or black with a mandatory black mask on the face, a dark line along the spine and black markings on the cheekbones and forehead.
Character
Pugs are small dogs with a lot of character. They are smart, calm and affectionate, but often they are very jealous and stubborn. Pugs are very suspicious of strangers, and after their master they will go to the ends of the earth.
Despite the calm temperament, pugs love active walks and love to play, these dogs are incredibly energetic, especially in puppy and adolescence. Later, the pets become calmer, but this does not mean that the dog will not rush around the whole apartment and try to involve the owner in the game. Although among them there are quite a few inborn intellectuals who will sedately lie at your feet and observe the atmosphere of peace and quiet in the house.
Pugs are contacty and very friendly. They are happy to be friends with cats and even share their couch with them. There are also no problems in communicating with other dogs. Pugs are neutral to children: the dog will never offend a child, but it will not engage in children’s games, choosing the role of an observer.
These dogs are strongly attached to the owner, appreciate the attention given to them and are hard to tolerate loneliness. As for the training, then it can be difficult. Pugs are usually docile, but often very stubborn, and some teams stubbornly refuse to perform. However, you should not punish a pet for its proud temper, because it is a companion, not a stunt. All your educational work with him should be persevering, but patient and friendly, because the crumb pug himself will be very upset if the owner is dissatisfied with them.
When you get a pug, you should understand that this is not just a lap dog, but a strong, proud companion, whose loyalty you can earn only a fair and friendly attitude towards him.
Health
Despite the fact that pugs are sick quite rarely, the breed has a tendency to such diseases as Perthes disease, juvenile demodicosis, glaucoma, dermatitis, etc. Since Many diseases are hereditary, before buying a puppy you need to carefully study its pedigree.
The average lifespan of pugs is 12-15 years.
Care
Pugs feel great in terms of housing content, but only if there are regular walks that can be both moderately active and calm. The key to health and long life is proper, balanced nutrition of the dog. Pugs are prone to corpulence and in no case can not overfeed.
2-3 times a week pug should be brushed. In periodic inspection need eyes, ears and folds of the skin of the dog, which often accumulate contamination. Pug folds and wrinkles should be wiped regularly with a damp cotton pad to prevent irritation. Also, as necessary, the dog needs to shorten the claws, because in a natural way they practically do not grind.
Pugs should be protected from overheating. Due to the specific structure of the face in the heat, the dogs have difficulty breathing. Protect your pet from overheating and excessive loads.
Story
This is one of the oldest breeds, presumably the birthplace of China. According to one version, pugs and mastiffs had common ancestors. In the 16th century, pugs were brought to Holland, and through it quickly spread throughout Europe. Purposely purebred pugs began to breed in the 17th century in England. In the 18th century, the breed became one of the most popular in France: in its castle of pugs, Marie Antoinette held.

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