Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are bold, bright and noble dogs, loyal to their family and suspicious of strangers.
Caucasian Shepherd – a breed that originated in the Caucasus. It was used to protect property or herds from attacks by predators and opponents. Today, the Caucasian Shepherd Dogs protect the private property of the owner and his family.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are also called North-Caucasian wolfhounds. rocks appeared in the south of Russia in the steppe around the Caucasus Mountains. Dogs have gone through natural selection from wild animals of antiquity to modern Caucasians.
Researchers put forward 2 versions of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog breed:
The oldest parents of Caucasian dogs are Tibetan dogs, which are already mentioned in 1121 BC. The homeland of the Caucasian breed is the state of Urartu or the Kingdom of Van. Today – the territory of Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan.
The second version is confirmed by images of ancient animals guarding the walls of Urartu. According to external signs, they are very similar to the current Caucasian species. Since the state operated from the 8th century BC, it is believed that the ancestors of dogs were already then.
In 1765, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are mentioned in Turkish military records as a guard of the army guard duty. After the seizure of the Caucasus, the Russian government brought dogs into its own troops to carry out security work.
In the 20th century, USSR breeders established production of a Caucasian breeding line. The result is a developed service trait of dogs, such as: endurance, courage. At the same time well-developed hearing and vision. In 1997, the standard for the Caucasian breed was adopted, which allowed the guarding and guarding activities of animals to continue to this day.
Description and size
According to statistics, the average weight of an adult male Caucasian Shepherd Dog is up to 70 kg. Occasionally, the body weight of an animal can reach 110 kg, which indicates its attitude to large breeds.
The standard parameters of Caucasians include a description of the general type of dog, its proportions and temperament:
Head. Massive, wide skull. Developed cheekbone area.
Muzzle. Short, with a slight taper. Lips dry and tight to each other. Wide nose black / brown.
Ears. Hanging, short cropped.
Eyes. Dark color, small size with a deep landing.
Teeth. Large and white with a well-developed structure.
Neck. Short, with massive muscles.
Thoracic part. Oval, with a wide base.
Back. Muscular, straight type.
Tail. Dipped down with a high landing.
Front and hind legs. Oval, large in size.
The movements of the Caucasian breeds are free, unhurried. Remind the step of a short trot with the transition to acceleration.
In terms of length and type of dog’s coat, there are 3 types:
The latter type is the most popular among professional dog breeders. Coat color can be gray, red, brown and tiger shades.
Caucasian breed is distinguished by courage, strong will and loyalty. It has excellent guard qualities. In the history of the formation of the shepherd dog, she has acquired a balanced and restrained character with the ability to quickly respond to a changed situation.
Characteristics of the Caucasian breeds:
Finding a common language with children.
Caution to strangers.
Friendliness to the owner and his friends.
Protecting the family in times of danger at the expense of a perfectly developed instinct.
Self-confidence, clear and quick decision making.
The desire to establish friendly relations with other pets in the family.
Activity with the need for outdoor games.
High survival rate in small and large families.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are balanced and very smart. They can be kept in a house or apartment without fear of large sizes of pets, because these are very calm dogs that will not make a mess and spoil things. It’s funny, but the greatest pleasure for the terrible Caucasian is a peaceful rest at the feet of the beloved master.
Caucasian breed shepherds are intelligent, due to which decisions are quickly made, especially in the field of guard and guard. In dogs, by nature, instincts and readiness for learning are proportionally combined. Their ingenuity contributes to service proficiency.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are ready to serve their master with faith and faith until the end of life. At the same time, strangers can be treated with a high degree of hostility. People with negative thoughts Caucasian dogs smell a mile away and will not allow them to approach their owner.
Having a sensitive character, Caucasians demonstrate their trustful and kind disposition towards children. They are ready to protect them from dangers. Such breeds are not prone to hours of meaningless games, but with the children they are ready to frolic a little. It is important to always monitor the communication of children and dogs, so that they do not accidentally hurt the pet. This can lead to trouble, Caucasians can bite.
The interaction of domestic animals and shepherd dogs depends on a number of factors:If pets grew up with a small age. That the nature of their relationship is friendly. Sheepdogs are ready to protect animals as members of their flock.
If the house brought an adult pet. Here can appear rivalry and the struggle for territory.
Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can easily take a small pet in their home and surround it with care. With other dogs, they find a quick rapport and set up friendly communication. An exception may be the struggle for the female or territory.
For Caucasian breeds, socialization is important in their animal society. Therefore, it is advisable to bring puppies to people and other animals. This will allow not to perceive them as an adult as a threat and to treat them negatively.
Maintenance and care
Care for Caucasian dogs depends on their type. For example, it is necessary to monitor the appearance of a breed with long hair more carefully, while shorthair pets require a little less care.
Principles of keeping dogs:
Care of the coat. You must purchase a special comb and periodically comb the wool. It is also a good skin massage.
Water treatments. It is not necessary to bathe the dog yourself. This is necessary only in the presence of fleas or lice, as well as heavy pollution.
Ears care. In the summer, you need to inspect them for ticks. In the rest of the period, clean the ears from dirt using a cotton swab.
Oral care. It is necessary to monitor the change of milk teeth in a puppy. If necessary, take the animal to the vet clinic.
Eye care. It is necessary to detect inflammations in time and treat them with lotions or special drops.
The natural feature of Caucasian Shepherd Dogs is the high digestibility of food, especially protein. The explanation for this fact may be the desire of the breed to maintain strength, so their energy costs are small.
The finished food from the store contains a full range of vitamins and biological active substances. Therefore, when feeding industrial food additional feeding is not needed. Such food is convenient for storage and transportation.
From natural food should be preferred protein foods. Meat should be present in the diet of dogs daily. It is better to feed the puppies with chicken meat, and for grown dogs it is better to offer beef and lamb. You can give both boiled and raw.
In addition to protein in the diet of Caucasians, the presence of carbohydrates in the form of well-cooked cereals is necessary. A puppy and an adult dog should have free access to a container with clean water at room temperature.